Dual Federalism refers to the period of time from around 1780s, after the founding the US Republic to just prior to the Great Depression during the 1920s. Dual federalism is sometimes referred to as "layer-cake federalism". More importantly, a dual federalism interpretation of the Constitution cannot exactly define the proper jurisdictions of the federal and state governments and prevent one from invading the jurisdiction of the other. Dual federalism is a doctrine based on the idea that a precise separation of national power and state power is both possible and desirable. Federalism refers to the structure of government where central government does not hold all power, but shares it with the nation’s constituent states or regions (McDonnel, 2008). Dual federalism is a term used to describe a circumstance in which national and state governments are sovereign and equal within their constitutionally allocated spheres of authority. There is distinct division between the two groups with each having their own agenda. Federalism has numerous benefits for both national governments and their citizens. These state powers, often called the police powers, include responsibility for the public’s health, safety, and welfare. In 1901 President Theodore Roosevelt argued that national interests had become too decentralized and the nation needed a stronger national government to protect the common man. The theory of dual federalism survived the Civil War but was seriously challenged by the Industrial Revolution. The Northern states, however, did not believe that the states should be given pure authority on such an important matter. Although both of them may seem different, both forms are needed for countries with large territories or those with a very diverse popularity. In dual federalism, the federal government had less power than the state government. Federal authority grew with the passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Interstate Commerce Commission Act (1887). By 1920 the federal government oversaw eleven grant programs allocating $30 million. There are different types of federalism, such as dual federalism, cooperative federalism, fiscal federalism, etc. Information and translations of dual federalism in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Dual federalism is both a theory of how a federal system should allocate governmental powers, responsibilities, and resources and an era of American political history. Meaning of dual federalism. Dual Federalism is the distribution of powers at the central as well as state level. The basic idea of dual federalism is that the national and state governments are their own decision makers and are sovereign from each other. 1.1K views These grants grew significantly during the New Deal. What does dual federalism mean? Cooperative federalism, on the other hand, stands for the thought that both governments legislate in the same sphere. Dual federalism is the political theory that two different governments share sovereign power over a certain region or people. Roosevelt laid the foundation for ending dual federalism. Dual federalism naturally limits the power of the national government as it gives states the ability to make their own decisions and question the rulings of the national government. Meaning of dual federalism. John C. Calhoun, building on the idea of states’ rights, articulated a theory authorizing states to nullify federal laws. dual federalism. Usually, this involves some sort of federal authority and a state regime. President Andrew Jackson declared South Carolina’s action tantamount to treason and prepared for military action to force compliance with the tariff. In 1832, the South Carolina legislature, believing that the national tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unfairly harmed southern interests, drew on Calhoun’s ideas to pass a law declaring the tariffs null and void. alien and sedition acts (1798) passed by the Federalist Congress to prevent criticism of the national government. The balance of power is such that both the national and state governments are considered equal, and have separate fields of authoritative power. On the other hand, cooperative By the end of the second New Deal (1940), the era of dual federalism had clearly ended and the nation had moved into the era of cooperative federalism. In dual federalism, the power is divided between the federal and state governments. the right to declare a federal law void. 1. Dual federalism is both a theory of how a federal system should allocate governmental powers, responsibilities, and resources and an era of American political history. 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