This herb has therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed to its natural phytochemical compounds which are highly valued in the pharmaceutical industry. /F2 36 0 R /Type /Page /Kids [5 0 R 6 0 R 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R The symbolic use is a signi- ficative aspect of tradition in Africa as well as in Brazil. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 35 0 R 167 0 R 168 0 R 169 0 R 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R /Tabs /S /F4 38 0 R 14 0 obj 0000051134 00000 n /Parent 2 0 R /F4 38 0 R /Parent 2 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R /XObject << endobj >> 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB /F3 37 0 R /Type /Group /CS /DeviceRGB /Resources 24 0 R endobj /Tabs /S /Parent 2 0 R >> It belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is also known as country borage in English [ ]. /Group << /F2 36 0 R /Font << /Contents 58 0 R endobj /XObject << [2] The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). /Image47 55 0 R /Annots [45 0 R] >> >> /Meta56 62 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 0000049803 00000 n << /Font << /Meta58 64 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. 19 0 obj /Resources << >> /F4 38 0 R /S /Transparency >> /F8 42 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB 0000036552 00000 n 0000052164 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Scientific Name: Plectranthus amboinicus. >> >> /Image39 50 0 R /XObject << Plectranthus amboinicus, otherwise called as Coleus amboinicus or Coleus aromaticus commonly known as country borage is a dicotyledonous plant of Lamiaceae family [4, 5]. /F4 38 0 R /F11 48 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /StructTreeRoot 3 0 R /Creator /F11 48 0 R /Type /Group /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] NuTUdd�#2;����.��������/���w�����\����_.���]�����/���/��cG�~~H�����Q�c�W�����q2���9{�����᧻1y�����?���9�z����m��ˏ? /Meta50 57 0 R /F4 38 0 R >> 0000035188 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000050641 00000 n /Group << 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 250 0 R 251 0 R] >> /Group << /Group << /Parent 2 0 R Evaluating the prolonged effects of medicinal plant extracts used in humans is useful in assessing the potential toxic effects. >> /F2 36 0 R /F4 38 0 R /Type /Catalog /F6 84 0 R /Type /Group /S /Transparency 0000034931 00000 n /Image40 51 0 R 20 0 obj 0000034952 00000 n /StructParents 0 endobj 0000001528 00000 n /Meta68 73 0 R /Resources << 0000054340 00000 n >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F11 48 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus bangun, bebangun, or locally known as bangun- sedingin or hati-hati hijau, is an indigenous vegetable which can be freshly eaten.The leaf of P. amboinicus has many medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of common illnesses such as of cough, stomachache, headache, skin infection, asthma and urinary /Parent 2 0 R /F5 39 0 R >> /Type /Group >> >> ] /Tabs /S /Image27 44 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng also called as Indian borage has been in use in the Indian system of medicine. /F8 42 0 R 7 0 obj 0000059125 00000 n /S /Transparency /S /Transparency endobj 282 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R] 0000056346 00000 n >> Ethnobotanical use of Plectranthus. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /F1 35 0 R << Plectranthus amboinicus is a medicinal plant widely used in Brazil, especially in the northeast region, for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. 0000034055 00000 n Other uses of plants are essentially based on beliefs, values, symbols or signs. /Contents 76 0 R >> 127 0 R 128 0 R 295 0 R 131 0 R 296 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R 297 0 R 298 0 R 299 0 R This work suggested that 70% of medicinal Plectranthus species belonged to the Coleus Clade and that medicinal usage tended to be concentrated in particular clades across the phylogeny. >> >> /F5 39 0 R endobj /Type /Group /Tabs /S 0000023414 00000 n >> Plectranthus amboinicus and Plectranthus barbatus are used to treat a wide range of diseases (13 categories) and accounts for about 68% of all traditional uses of the genus (Table 1, Table 2). /F11 48 0 R endobj 15 0 obj 0000046812 00000 n The most frequently cited use of species of Plectranthus is for their medicinal properties, which accounts for over 85% of all uses. /CS /DeviceRGB /Type /Page 0000005554 00000 n >> /StructParents 14 /F4 38 0 R /Resources << /K [22 0 R] medicine, rituals, and as food. INTRODUCTION Hence isolation of bioactive products from medicinal plants and Cancer is a health problem of global concern (Graidist et al., 2015). 262 0 R 263 0 R] The margins are coarsely crenate to dentate-crenate except in the base. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] Plectranthus amboinicus on Plasmodium berghei yoelii34. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /StructParents 8 /CS /DeviceRGB This herb has therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed to its natural phytochemical compounds which are highly valued in the pharmaceutical industry. /Filter /FlateDecode /F1 35 0 R 0000048386 00000 n /XObject << The art of utilizing herbs for different purposes is well documented in Ayurveda. /F3 37 0 R >> /Type /Page 4 0 obj /F8 42 0 R >> /Resources << /Type /Page /Group << /Author (anuj) 11 0 obj << /Contents 80 0 R << 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R >> 0000051442 00000 n >> << /S /Transparency 10 0 obj 0000002210 00000 n /Font << 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R /Group << << 18 0 obj /Meta59 65 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Font << Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen perennial plant with lemon-scented, ... from the wild, mainly for local use as a food and medicine. Keywords: Plectranthus amboinicus; Indian borage; pharmacology; biological activities; nutrition; phytochemistry; botany; medicinal plant 1. /S /Transparency It comprises about 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs which are often succulents [18]. /F11 48 0 R 0000001714 00000 n 109 0 R] /F8 42 0 R /F9 43 0 R /Type /Page << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000003771 00000 n 16 0 obj 197 0 R 198 0 R 199 0 R 200 0 R 201 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R] 13 [264 0 R 265 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R /F10 47 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R A wide variety of Plectranthus species are used in the traditional medicine of southern Africa. Phytochemical evaluation of the extract revealed the occurrence of total phenolic… /F2 36 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R] >> Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. /S /Transparency /Group << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /F1 35 0 R >> endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 0000002990 00000 n ��|��Cցm��x�T00��7ls``�f|�j��d�y�������0�?p%p3�1nb��2A�C��I\�s�4��[0����!CSw��U~��P�e`1���@fKN���2�,���4�3(\��z� �Ue`�3x ʓp� endstream endobj 100 0 obj 396 endobj 45 0 obj << /CropBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Parent 39 0 R /Contents [ 66 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 83 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 98 0 R ] /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Thumb 29 0 R /Resources 46 0 R /Type /Page >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Font << /F1 61 0 R /F2 48 0 R /F3 50 0 R /F4 52 0 R /F5 51 0 R /F6 65 0 R /F7 71 0 R /F8 81 0 R /F9 87 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ExtGState << /GS1 94 0 R >> >> endobj 47 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNOM+AdvP47D4A3 /FontFile3 95 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 -208 1072 802 ] /Ascent 714 /CapHeight 714 /XHeight 517 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/space/O/r/i/g/n/a/l/A/t/c/e/P/o/U/s/f/h/T/m/R/u/d/J/hyphen/M/C/comma/L/\ H/Y/S/y/W/I/D/k/w) >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 59 0 R /LastChar 133 /Widths [ 500 500 0 0 0 333 270 0 500 500 500 0 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 0 718 0 718 770 666 0 718 822 385 500 0 666 989 0 0 666 0 718 604 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 437 500 437 333 500 500 270 0 0 270 770 500 500 500 0 385 385 333 500 437 0 552 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 ] /BaseFont /HLNNOL+AdvTimes-i /FirstChar 40 /ToUnicode 54 0 R /Encoding 49 0 R /Type /Font >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Differences [ 40 /parenleft /parenright 45 /hyphen /period 48 /zero /one /two 53 /five 55 /seven 59 /semicolon 65 /A 67 /C /D /E 71 /G /H /I /J 76 /L /M 80 /P 82 /R /S /T 97 /a /b /c /d /e /f /g /h /i 108 /l /m /n /o /p 114 /r /s /t /u /v 120 /x /y 133 /endash ] /Type /Encoding >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 47 0 R /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 281 406 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 687 0 739 739 0 0 0 739 291 552 0 593 906 0 781 666 0 718 645 614 739 0 947 0 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 572 0 572 614 572 333 614 593 260 0 572 260 906 593 614 0 0 385 541 354 593 0 812 0 520 ] /BaseFont /HLNNOM+AdvP47D4A3 /FirstChar 44 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 62 0 R /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 281 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 687 718 708 0 0 0 718 0 0 0 0 875 0 760 645 0 687 0 572 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 541 593 541 593 541 291 572 552 218 0 0 218 854 552 572 593 0 333 500 312 0 500 760 0 500 ] /BaseFont /HLNNPO+AdvP47DFC8 /FirstChar 44 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 53 0 R /LastChar 117 /Widths [ 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 572 614 552 0 572 0 0 614 260 0 0 260 906 614 593 0 0 385 520 375 614 ] /BaseFont /HLNNON+AdvP47D8EF /FirstChar 80 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 53 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNON+AdvP47D8EF /FontFile3 96 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 -208 1125 802 ] /Ascent 714 /CapHeight 714 /XHeight 517 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/space/P/l/e/c/t/r/a/n/h/u/s/m/b/o/i) >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Length 340 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream Soft pubescence used to treat inflammatory diseases or swelling symptoms in Taiwan also known as borage! 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