The fifth and final principle of instructional design according to Merrill is that students learn best when that new knowledge is integrated into the student's world. In alignment with NCDPI and the NC State Board of Education’s mission and vision, the Instructional Principles for Remote Teaching & Learning are designed to provide guidance for student learning across North Carolina when state, national, or international crises impede students from learning in their regular school setting. The intention of this book is to provide a foundational overview of instructional design activities; to explain the essential principles of instructional design; to describe the pro-cesses used to put these principles into practice, and to offer examples of their practical application in a manner that transcends any single ID model or approach. The principles of instructional design consider how educational tools should be designed, created and delivered to any learning group, from grade school students to adult employees across all industry sectors. The major goal of instructional design is to demonstrate planning, developing, evaluating, and managing the instructional process. So as we wrap all of this up, really focusing in on the idea that students are able to personally apply … Still, much of what we understand about instructional design today is credited to Robert M. Gagné (instructional psychologist). This fifth edition provides an important update in terms of technology, but it still maintains the strong educational foundations of our field. The Golden Principles of High-Quality Instructional Design The quality of instructional design is often gauged on three things: effectiveness, efficiency, and cost. Principles of Instructional Design is an enduring work that has had a tremendous impact on instructional theory and practices internationally. The authors prepare teachers to design and develop a course, unit, and module of instruction, outline the nine stages of instructional design procedure, and integrate current research and practice in the movement toward performance systems technology. Instructional design principles – 1. Effectiveness has to do with how well the instruction enables learners to achieve stated goals or expected outcomes. At the end of this process, it can be seen the student learning performance in instructional activities based upon defined goals and objectives. Instructional design is the outcome of the work and research of several great minds. Instructional Design and Learning Design A comprehensive yet flexible instructional design service advising on course design, architecture and creating learning materials, including eLearning, to meet the learning objectives and the needs of the … Training is… The achievement of pre-determined learning objectives through planned instructional techniques The transfer of knowledge, skills & attitude (KSA) • Training focuses on influencing attitude, providing knowledge and transferring skills Developed through a systematic process known as instructional design or instructional systems design Some key terms: a principle is a relationship that is always true under appropriate conditions regardless of program or practice; a practice is a specific instructional activity; a program is an approach consisting of a set of prescribed practices; Note: these principles are prescriptive (design-oriented) rather than descriptive (learning-oriented).